Brian Nielsen

Professor, Equine Exercise Physiology

Brian Nielsen
1287D Anthony Hall

Phone: (517) 432-1378

Equine Research

Education

  • BS, University of Wisconsin, River Falls
  • MS, Texas A&M University
  • PhD, Texas A&M University

Responsibility
40% Teaching, 60% Research

Conducts research in equine exercise physiology and nutrition. Teaches senior level courses in equine exercise physiology and advanced horse management. Advises undergraduate and graduate students. Advisor to the MSU Rodeo Club.

Refereed Publications

  • Turner, K.K., B.D. Nielsen, C.I. O’Connor-Robison, F.H. Nielsen, and M.W. Orth.  2008.  Tissue response to a supplement high in aluminum and silicon. Bio. Trace Elem. Res.  121(2):134-148.
  • Turner, K.K., B.D. Nielsen, C.I. O’Connor-Robison, D.S. Rosenstein, B.P. Marks, F.H. Nielsen, and M.W. Orth.  2008.  Sodium zeolite A supplementation and its impact on the skeleton of dairy calves.  Bio. Trace Elem. Res.  121(2):149-159.
  • O’Connor, C.I., B.D. Nielsen, A.D. Woodward, H.S. Spooner, B.A. Ventura, and K.K. Turner.  2008.  Mineral balance in horses fed two supplemental silicon sources.  J. Anim. Phys. Anim. Nutr.  92:173-181.
  • Nielsen, B.D., and H.S. Spooner.  2008.  Small changes in exercise, not nutrition, often result in measurable changes in bone.  Comp. Exer. Phys.  5(1):15-20.
  • Spooner, H.S., B.D. Nielsen, A.D. Woodward, D.S. Rosenstein, and P.A. Harris.  2008.  Endurance training has little impact on mineral content of the third metacarpus in two-year-old Arabian horses.  J. Equine Vet. Sci.  28:359-362.
  • Schenck, E.L., K.A. McMunn, D.S. Rosenstein, R.L. Stroshine, B.D. Nielsen, B.T. Richert, J.N. Marchant-Forde, and D.C. Lay Jr.  2008.  Exercising stall-housed gestating gilts:  Effects on lameness, the musculo-skeletal system, production and behavior.  J. Anim. Sci.  86(11):3166-3180.
  • Woodward, A.D., B.D. Nielsen,  C.I. O’Connor,  C.D. Skelly, S.K. Webel, and M.W. Orth.  2007. Dietary long-chain polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids increase docohexaenoic acid concentration and may increase trot stride lengths in horses.  Equine Comp. Exer. Phys.  4(2):71-78.
  • Turner, K.K., B.D. Nielsen, C.I. O’Connor, and D.S. Rosenstein.  2007.  Silicon supplementation and osteochondrotic lesions in two-year-old Standardbreds:  a preliminary study.  Equine Comp. Exer. Phys.  4(2):53-58.
  • O’Connor-Robison, C.I., B.D. Nielsen, and R. Morris.  2007.  Cellulase supplementation does not improve the digestibility of a high forage diet in horses.  J. Equine Vet. Sci.  27(12):535-538.
  • Nielsen, B.D., K.K. Turner, B.A. Ventura, A.D. Woodward, and C.I. O’Connor.  2006.  Racing speeds of Quarter Horses, Thoroughbreds and Arabians.  Equine Vet. J. Suppl. 36:128-132.
  • O’Connor, C.I., and B.D. Nielsen.  2006.  Handling method influences equine urinary calcium and nitrogen. J. Anim. Vet. Adv.  5(2):165-167.
  • Turner, K.K., B.D. Nielsen, C.I. O’Connor, and J.L. Burton. 2006. Bee pollen supplementation to horses in training seems to improve feed intake: a pilot study. Accepted Nov. J. Anim. Phys. Anim. Nutr.
  • Hiney, K.M., B.D. Nielsen, and D.S. Rosenstein. 2004. Short-duration exercise and confinement alters bone mineral content and shape in weanling horses. J. Anim. Sci. 82(8):2313-2320.
  • Hiney, K.M., B.D. Nielsen, D. Rosenstein, M.W. Orth and B.P. Marks. 2004. High-intensity exercise of short duration alters bovine bone density and shape. J. Anim. Sci. 82:1612-1620.
  • Mello, D.M., B.D. Nielsen, T.L. Peters, J.P. Caron and M.W. Orth. 2004. Comparison of inhibitory effects of glucosamine and mannosamine on bovine articular cartilage degradation in vitro. Amer. J. Vet. Res. 65(10):1440-1445.
  • O’Connor, C.I., C. Ayers and B.D. Nielsen. 2004. Preference of Complete Pelleted Feeds with Differing Concentrate to Forage Ratios in Two Ages of Horses. J. Anim. Vet. Advances 3(3):178-181.
  • Butudom, P., D.J. Barnes, M.W. Davis, B.D. Nielsen, S.W. Eberhart and H.C. Schott. 2004. Rehydration fluid temperature affects voluntary drinking in horses dehydrated by furosemide administration and endurance exercise. Vet. J. 167:72-80.
  • Butudom, P., H.C. Schott II, S.M. Axiak, B.D. Nielsen and S.W. Eberhart. 2003. Effect of varying initial drink volume on rehydration of horses. Phys. Behav. 79(2):135-14.
  • Nielsen, B.D., C.I. O’Connor, D.S. Rosenstein, H.C. Schott, and H.M. Clayton. 2002. Influence of trotting and supplemental weight on metacarpal bone development. Equine Vet. J. Suppl. 34:236-240.
  • O’Connor, C.I., B.D. Nielsen, H.C. Schott, and H.M. Clayton. 2002. Effects of weight carrying, exercise and a myo-anabolic supplement on growth and muscle. Equine Vet. J. Suppl. 34:178-181.
  • Butudom, P., H.C. Schott, M.W. Davis, C.A. Kobe, B.D. Nielsen, and S.W. Eberhart. 2002. Drinking salt water enhances rehydration in hores dehydrated by frusemide administration and endurance exercise. Equine Vet. J. Suppl. 34:513-518.
  • Trottier, N.L., B.D. Nielsen, K.J. Lang, P.K. Ku, and H.C. Schott. 2002. Equine endurance exericse alters serum branched-chain amino acid and alanine concentrations. Equine Vet. J. Suppl. 34:168-172.
  • Rivera, E., B.D. Nielsen, J.E. Shelle and A.J. Zanella.  2001.  The effect of housing environment on responses of horses to initial training.  Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci.
  • Heleski, C.R., A.C. Shelle, B.D. Nielsen and A.J. Zanella.  2001.  Influence of housing on weanling horse behavior and subsequent welfare. Appl. Anim. Behavior Sci.
  • Lang, K.J., B.D. Nielsen, and M.W. Orth.  2002. Bone metabolism markers in arabian horses during the first two years of life. Pro. Anim. Sci. 18:180-183.
  • Lang, K.J., B.D. Nielsen, K.L. Waite, G.M. Hill and M.W. Orth.  2001.  Supplemental silicon increases plasma and milk silicon concentrations in horses.  J. Anim. Sci. 79:2627-2633.
  • Bell, R.A., B.D. Nielsen, K. Waite, D. Rosenstein and M. Orth.  2001.  Daily access to pasture turnout prevents loss of mineral in the third metacarpus of Arabian weanlings.  J. Anim. Sci.  79:1142-1150.
  • Lang, K.J., B.D. Nielsen, K.L. Waite, J. Link, G.M. Hill and M.W. Orth.  2001.  Increased plasma silicon concentrations and altered bone resorption in response to sodium zeolite A supplementation in yearling horses. J. Equine Vet. Sci.  21(11):550-555.
  • Waite, K.L., B.D. Nielsen and D.S. Rosenstein.  2000.  Computed tomography as a method of estimating bone mineral content in horses.  J. Equine Vet. Sci.  20(1):49-52.
  • Hoekstra, K.E., B.D. Nielsen, M.W. Orth, D.S. Rosenstein, H.C. Schott and J.E. Shelle.  1999.  Comparison of bone mineral content and bone metabolism in stall- versus pasture-reared horses.  Equine Vet. J. Suppl. 30:601-604.
  • Fenton, J.I., M.W. Orth, K.A., Chlebek-Brown, B.D. Nielsen, C.D. Corn, K.L. Waite and J.P. Caron.  1999.  Effect of longeing and glucosamine supplementation on serum markers of bone and joint metabolism in yearling Quarter Horses.  Can. J. Vet. Res.  63:288-291.
  • Nielsen, B.D., G.D. Potter, L.W. Greene, E.L. Morris, M. Murray-Gerzik, W.B. Smith and M.T. Martin.  1998.  Characterization of changes related to mineral balance and bone metabolism in the young racing Quarter Horse.  J. Equine Vet. Sci.  18(3):190-200.
  • Nielsen, B.D., G.D. Potter, L.W. Greene, E.L. Morris, M. Murray-Gerzik, W.B. Smith and M.T. Martin.  1998.  Response of young horses in training to varying concentrations of dietary calcium and phosphorus.  J. Equine Vet. Sci.  18(6):397-404.
  • Nielsen, B.D., G.D. Potter, E.L. Morris, T.W. Odom, D.M. Senor, J.A. Reynolds, W.B. Smith and M.T. Martin.  1997.  Changes in the third metacarpal bone and frequency of bone injuries in young Quarter Horses during race training—observations and theoretical considerations. J. Equine Vet. Sci.  17(10):541-549.
  • Gibbs, P.G., G.D. Potter, B.D. Nielsen, D.D. Householder and W. Moyer.  1995.  Scientific principles for conditioning race and performance horses.  Prof. Anim. Sci.  11(4):195.
  • Nielsen, B.D., G.D. Potter, E.L. Morris, T.W. Odom, D.M. Senor, J.A. Reynolds, W.B. Smith, M.T. Martin and E.H. Bird.  1993.  Training distance to failure in young racing Quarter Horses fed sodium zeolite A.  J. Equine Vet. Sci.  13(10):562.
  • Reynolds, J.A., G.D. Potter, T.W. Odom, M.M. Vogelsang, W.B. Smith, B.D. Nielsen, D.M. Senor and E.H. Bird.  1993.  Physiological responses to training and racing in two-year old Quarter Horses.  J. Equine Vet. Sci.  13(10):543.

Non-Refereed Publications

  • Nielsen, B.D. 2005. Management and training of horses to prevent fractures and improve bone strength. Large Anim. Vet. Rounds. 5(3):1-6.

Papers Published in Conference Proceedings

  • Nielsen, B.D. 2005. What do markers of bone formation tell us in equine nutritional studies? Pferdeheilkunde 21:99-100.
  • Turner, K.K., B.D. Nielsen, C.I. O’Connor, D.S. Rosenstein, B.P. Marks, and M.W. Orth. 2005. Bone characteristics and turnover after silicon supplementation. Proc. 19th Equine Sci. Soc. pp. 31-36.
  • Turcott, S.K., B.D. Nielsen, C.I. O’Connor, S.M. Hengemuehle and M.T. Yokoyama. 2005. Estimation of total numbers and presumptive identification of cellulolytic bacteria in cecal contents of the adult horse. Proc. 19th Equine Sci. Soc. pp. 354-359.
  • C.I. O’Connor, B.D. Nielsen and R. Carpenter. 2005. Cellulase supplementation does not improve the digestibility of a high forage diet in horses. Proc. 19th Equine Sci. Soc. pp. 192-196.
  • Stamper, T., C.L. Wickens, J.B. Moore, T.M. Trier, B.D. Nielsen and N.L. Trottier. 2005. An ideal protein for the Arabian foal: Insight into protein formulation of foal milk replacer. Proc. 19th Equine Sci. Soc. pp. 182-183.
  • Woodward, A.D., B.D. Nielsen, C.I. O’Connor, S.K. Webel and M.W. Orth. 2005. Dietary long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids increase plasma eicosapentainoic acid and docosahexenoic acid concentrations and trot stride length in horses. Proc. 19th Equine Sci. Soc. pp. 101-106.
  • Nielsen, B.D. 2005. Minerals, exercise and bone: Practical ways to improve soundness. Alberta Horse Breeders and Owners Conference. Jan 7-9. Red Deer, AB. p. 69-75.
  • Nielsen, B.D., K.M. Hiney, K.E. Hoekstra, R.A. Bell and G.D. Potter. 2004. Nutritional and husbandry management of racehorses. The Elite Race and Endurance Horse. Conf. Equine Sports Med. Sci. p. 66-74.
  • Nielsen, B.D. 2004. Supplementation of bioavailable silicon decreases injury rates and alters markers of bone formation in horses. Amer. Assoc. Equine Pract. Focus on Joints Symp. July 22-24. Louisville, KY. p. 226-233.
  • Nielsen, B.D. 2004. Ca, P, Mg: From ‘89 to Now. Conf. Equine Nutr. Res. May 22-23. Texas A&M University. p. 62-72.
  • Nielsen, B.D. 2004. Discussion on and hints regarding nutrition for the endurance and race horse: “The Racehorse”. The Elite Race and Endurance Horse. Conf. Equine Sports Med. Sci. Oslo, Norway.
  • Nielsen, B.D. 2004. Effect of housing and nutrition on lameness. Lameness: Step By Step. ANR Week. MSU. Mar. 6.
  • Nielsen, B.D. 2003. Equine program summary WCAP 2003. IX World Conference on Animal Production. Oct. 26-31. Porto Alegre, Brazil. p. 151.
  • Nielsen, B.D. 2003. Bioavailable silicon on indices of equine bone health. XXV Annual Congress of the Mexican Association of Equine Veterinarians (AMMVEE). Oct. 6-11. Mexico City. p. 31-35.
  • Schott, H.C., P. Butudom, B.D. Nielsen, and S.W. Eberhart. 2003. Strategies to increase voluntary drinking after exercise. In: Proceedings of the 49th Annu Conv AAEP, p. 132-136.
  • Turcotts, S.K., B.D. Nielsen, C. O’Connor, C.D. Skelly, D.S. Rosenstein and T. Herdt. 2003. The influence of various concentrate to roughage ratios on dietary intake and nutrient digestibilities of weanlings. Proc. 18th Equine Nutr. Phys. Symp. p. 1-2.
  • Hiney, K.M., B.D. Nielsen, D. Rosenstein and C. O’Connor. 2003. Measuring cortical width from a digitized radiographic image. Proc. 18th Equine Nutr. Phys. Symp. p. 291-292.
  • H.C. Schott, P. Butudom, F.F. Cardoso and B.D. Nielsen. 2003. Innate variability in voluntary drinking in Arabian horses. Proc. 18th Equine Nutr. Phys. Symp. p. 346.
  • Nielsen, B.D. 2003. Selecting the young horse. Proc. Horses 2003. Mar. 30. Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ. pp. 45-47.
  • Nielsen, B.D. 2002. Nutraceuticals: their emerging role in equine nutrition. Nutritional Biotechnology in the Feed and Food Industries. Proc. Alltech’s 18th Annual Symp. Ed. T.P. Lyons and K.A. Jacques. 359-365.
  • Nielsen, B.D. 2002. Training surfaces; alterations in motion & injury rates. Horse Facilities: Designing for Optimum Well Being. ANR Week. MSU. Mar. 2.
  • Nielsen, B.D. 2002. Nutrition for proper growth of the equine athlete. ADM Alliance Nutrition, Inc. Equine Technical Training Seminar. Jan 14-15. East Lansing, MI.
  • Rosenstein D, B. Nielsen, C. O’Connor and M. Willis-Redfern. 2002. Skeletal size and density in six dog breeds Proc. Proc Ann Mtg Am Coll Vet Rad, Chicago, IL, Dec.
  • Mello, D.M., B.D. Nielsen, T.L. Peters and M.W. Orth.  2001.  Preliminary studies on the comparative effects of hexosamines in the inhibition of equine articular cartilage degradation.  Proc. 17 ENPS.  p. 55-60.
  • Hiney, K.M, B.D. Nielsen, D. Rosenstein and B.P. Marks.  2001.  Short duration, high intensity exercise alters bone density and shape.  Proc. 17 Equine Nutr. Phys. Symp.  p. 114-116.
  • Lang, K.J., B.D. Nielsen, C.I. O’Connor and K.L. Waite.  2001.  Comparison of blood sample collection methods and their effect on plasma silicon concentrations.  Proc. 17 Equine Nutr. Phys. Symp.  p. 375-376.
  • Nielsen, B.D.  2001.  Conditioning the equine athlete.  Purdue University School Vet. Med. & Indiana Horse Council Horsemen’s Conference.  Jan. 20.
  • Nielsen, B.D.  2001.  Key aspects of nutrition in skeletal development of young exercising horses.  Alltech’s Fourth Annual Equine School.  Lexington, KY.
  • Nielsen, B.D.  2000.  Nutrient requirements of the young equine athlete.  Spartan Equine Nutr. Service Workshop.  Jun 24.  p. 23-28.
  • Waite, K.L., B.D. Nielsen and D.S. Rosenstein.  1999.  Computed tomography as a method of measuring bone mineral content in horses.  Proc.
    16 Equine Nutr. Phys. Symp.  p. 308-313.
  • Bell, R.E. B.D. Nielsen, K. Waite, C. Heleski, D. Rosenstein and M. Orth.  1999.  Influence of housing on third metacarpal bone mass in weanling horses.  Proc. 16 Equine Nutr. Phys. Symp.  p. 26-31.
  • Heleski, C.R., A.C. Shelle, B.D. Nielsen, K.L. Waite and A.J. Zanella.  1999.  Influence of housing on behavior in weanling horses.  Proc. 16 Equine Nutr. Phys. Symp.  p. 249-250.
  • Shelle, J.E., C.R. Heleski, C.D. Corn, B.D. Nielsen, K. Johnston and D. Cooper.  1999.  Developing a horse related international student exchange program with Northern Ireland.  Proc. 16 ENPS.  p. 217-219.
  • Nielsen, B.D., J.I. Fenton, K.A. Chlebek-Brown, C.D. Corn, K.L. Waite, M.W. Orth and J.P. Caron.  1998.  Longeing and glucosamine supplementation on known biological markers of bone and joint metabolism.  17th Assoc. Equine Sports Med.  Mar 5-8, Leesburg, VI.  p. 41-45.
  • Hoekstra, K.E., B.D. Nielsen, M.W. Orth, D.S. Rosenstein, H.C. Schott and J.E. Shelle. 1998. Stall housing impairs bone formation in young horses. Proc. 17th Assoc. Equine Sports Med.  Mar 5-8, Leesburg, VI. p. 11-14.
  • Nielsen, B.D.  1998.  Nutrient requirements of the young equine athlete.  Proc. Equine Nutr. Conf. Feed Manufact.  April 27-28.  Lexington, KY  p. 11-20.
  • Hoekstra,., K.E., and B.D. Nielsen.  1998.  Stalling young horses alters normal bone growth.  World Equine Vet. Review.  3(2):9-12.
  • Nielsen, B.D.  1998.  Support and protection for your horse’s legs. ANR Week—Successful Management Equine Athlete.  MSU.  Mar 14. p. 24-25.
  • Nielsen, B.D., and G.D. Potter.  1997.  Accounting for volumetric differences in estimates of bone mineral content from radiographic densitometry.  Proc. 15th ENPS.  p. 367.
  • Nielsen, B.D., G.D. Potter, L.W. Greene, E.L. Morris, M. Murray-Gerzik, W.B. Smith and M.T. Martin.  1997.  An increased need for calcium in young racehorses beginning training.  Proc. 15th ENPS.  p. 153.
  • Nielsen, B.D., and K.E. Hoekstra.  1997.  Schooling in the round pen.  Proc. 2nd MSU Adult Riding Clin.  MSU.  June 11-13.  p. 31-35.
  • Nielsen, B.D.  1996.  Modifications of the skeletal system in young growing horses upon commencement of training.  ANR Week – Successful Management Growing Horse.  MSU.  March 7 & 8. P. 27-36.
  • Nielsen, B.D., G.D. Potter, L.W. Greene, E.L. Morris, M. Murray-Gerzik, W. B. Smith and M. T. Martin.  1996.  Changes in the third metacarpal, mineral balance and blood parameters in young horses during the onset of training.  Proc. Third Annual Race Horse Conf.  Austin, TX  p. 18.
  • Nielsen, B.D., G.D. Potter, E.L. Morris, T.W. Odom, D.M. Senor, J.A. Reynolds, W.B. Smith and M.T. Martin.  1995.  Modifications of the third metacarpus in young racing Quarter Horses as a result of training.  Proc. 14th ENPS. p 102.
  • Nielsen, B.D., G.D. Potter, L.W. Greene, E.L. Morris, M. Murray-Gerzik, W.B. Smith and M.T. Martin.  1995.  Does the onset of training alter mineral requirements in the young racing Quarter Horse?  Proc. 14th ENPS. p. 70.
  • Reynolds, J.A., G.D. Potter, T.W. Odom, M.M. Vogelsang, W.B. Smith, B.D. Nielsen, D.M. Senor and E.H. Bird.  1995.  Similarities between genders in racing two-year-old Quarter Horses.  Proc. 14th ENPS. p 110.
  • Nielsen, B.D., G.D. Potter, L.W. Greene, E.L. Morris, M. Murray-Gerzik, W.B. Smith and M.T. Martin.  1995.  Mineral balance and bone remodeling in young horses during the onset of training.  Proc. 2nd Texas Race Horse Conf. p. 4.
  • Nielsen, B.D.  1994.  Orthopedic fatigue failure in race horses.  Proc. 1st Texas Race Horse Conf. p. 22.
  • Nielsen, B.D., G.D. Potter, E.L. Morris, T.W. Odom, D.M. Senor, J.A. Reynolds, W.B. Smith, M.T. Martin and E.H. Bird.  1993.  Training distance
    to failure in young racing Quarter Horses fed sodium zeolite A.  Proc. 13th ENPS. p 5.
  • Reynolds, J.A., G.D. Potter, T.W. Odom, M.M. Vogelsang, W.B. Smith, B.D. Nielsen, D.M. Senor and E.H. Bird.  1993.  Physiological responses to training in racing two-year old Quarter Horses fed sodium zeolite A.  Proc. 13th ENPS. p 197.